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DEPARTMENT NO. 12:-

TRIBAL WELFARE IN AP

Andhra Pradesh is endowed with 50.24 lakh tribal population over six percent of the state population of which while 30-47 lakhs lived in notified tribal areas, 19.53 lakhs lived in plains.

Since 2004 a total sum of  Rs.2988.24 crore have been spent on  the   integrated  tribal development plans and programs on education, health, sanitation and  housing programs for the poor in the state   under  both the  plan and  non-plan categories  and an additional allocation of  Rs.63.03 crore has been made  during the  2007-08.

The state government has provided   Rs.440 crore for tribal development in the budget of 2008-09 registering an increase of 39 percent against Rs.317 crore of previous year.  A sum of Rs. 41 crore was provided towards scholarships for the tribal students alone.

The state government has also appointed an nodal agency for monitoring the effective implementation of the Tribal Sub plan to achieve saturation levels in scholarships for all students among the ST’s

The state government is committed to implement the scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers Act 2006 to ensure legal rights for all occupants and enjoyment of scheduled tribes in the forests.

The government has made a provision of Rs.20 crore in the  budget for  2008-09  to promote  the ST population living in the forest areas.

TRIBAL SUB PLAN

Government has been implementing Tribal Sub Plan as a part of its obligation to implement the directive principles of State policy enshrined in the Constitution of India.  Tribal Sub Plan strategy was introduced during Fifth Five Year Plan with two long-term objectives: Socio-economic Development of STs and Protection of Tribals against exploitation. 
         
For translating the strategy into action, the areas of tribal concentration were identified and (10) ITDAs were established in the districts of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari, Khammam, Warangal, Adilabad, Kurnool (Srisailam) and Nellore.

Apart from (10) ITDAs, there are (41) MADA pockets, (17) Clusters and (12) PTGs. All the remaining ST population not covered under ITDA, MADA & Cluster have been brought under DTG.    Project Monitoring and Implementation Committee (PMIC) have been constituted for MADA projects in Mahabubnagar, Nalgonda, Karimnagar and Warangal districts.

TRIBAL SUB PLAN: Tribal Sub Plan during X Five Year Plan

The allocation and expenditure under TSP during X Five Year Plan shows that while only 6.11 percent of the state outlay was spent on Tribal sub plan at Rs.50835 laks in 2002-03, the allocations had increased to 8.05 percent and 245482 lakhs in 2007-08.

The Chief Minister Dr.Y.S. Rajasekahra Reddy had a first hand interaction with the triabls during  his 1400 km long  padayatra across the state  in  2003  which gave him an insight into their  burning problems and also  inspired  to take steps to resolve them .

Among the salient features of the development activities taken up by the State Government in the Tribal welfare sector were :

  1. 25% enhancement of diet charges: Government have enhanced diet charges of boarders of TW ashram schools and hostels by 25%.
  2. New menu: The revised menu along with detailed guidelines on the procedure, quality, hygienic and other practices were communicated to POs and DTWOs.
  3. Health Insurance Cover: To provide immediate access to better medical care in the corporate hospitals, health insurance cover for tribal child boarders (2,79,954) has been taken from National Insurance Company, a public sector organization. The premium is Rs.20/- per child per annum. The Insurance package consists of (a) Medical Insurance Cover for Rs.5,000/- (b) Personal Accident cover for Rs.15,000/- and a cover up to Rs.50,000/- in serious cases warranting expert & expensive medical attention (transportation and attendant expenses up to Rs.500/- included). So far (194) tribal students have been treated for various diseases in the identified referral hospitals across the state.

.Rationalization and up-gradation: (128) primary schools were upgraded into Upper Primary Schools. (46) UP schools upgraded into High Schools by redeployment of (729) teachers – (1,327) new posts to be sanctioned. Proposals are with Government.

The number of ashram schools and attendance of tribal boys  and girls

Institution

No

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

Hostels

506

58,401

23,605

82,006

56,150

23,982

80,132

54,635

24,208

78,843

Ashram Schools

664

83,639

61,425

1,45,064

81,256

68,830

1,50,086

78,451

66,653

1,45,104

  • Schools set up under Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA)  in the tribal areas

Institutions

No.

Boys

Girls

Total

Primary Schools (GVVKs)

4,317

53,975

47,877

1,01,852

Alternate Schools

5,441

25,612

17,799

43,411

Prominent initiatives in education sector for tribals were as below

  • Sanctioned additional accommodation to (259) institutions with an outlay of Rs.27.25 crore.
  • (11) buildings to Mini-Gurukulams sanctioned with an outlay of Rs.275.00 lakhs.
  • An amount of Rs.200.80 lakhs was sanctioned to provide drinking water supply to (502) TW Educational Institutions under ARWS grant.
  • An amount of Rs.1227.60 lakhs was sanctioned to provide (6,138) sanitation units in (570) TW Educational Institutions under ARWS grant.
  • Gurukulam maintains the following Residential Educational Institutions for imparting quality education to ST students.
  • The total number of   tribal students in 240 institutions was 55581 as of 2007.

Action Plan 2007-08 prepared to cover 1,59,287 Beneficiaries  with an outlay of Rs.231.59 Cr  included  subsidy of  Rs.51.52 Crore.

Coffee plantation project:  The tribal belt in Araku valley and Paderu belt is rich with coffee plantations and has achieved a patented blend of coffee as ARAKU.  Under the Tenth plan an estimated 60,000 acres with an outlay of Rs.144. crore to benefit 60,000 tribals is envisaged by the government of which   39,959 acres were under coffee and 41,112 crore were covered under silver oak.  Under the action for 2007-08 12,000 acres with an outlay of Rs.16.32 crore is expected to replace Silver Oak plantation with horticulture plantations like Mango, Neredu, Jack, Busi, Amla, Orange in a phased manner.

A new coffee project during XI Five year plan has been contemplated with financial assistance from Coffee Board (25%), Government of Andhra Pradesh  (25%) and (50%) beneficiaries contribution in the form of labour to take up Coffee in 60,000 acres with a total outlay of Rs.148.00 crores. During current year, coffee and silver oak in 12,000 and 9,534 acres respectively with an expenditure of Rs.257.00 lakhs.

Economic Support programs: An action plan to support (1,59,287) ST families with an outlay of Rs. 231.59 crore is drawn. Out of this Rs.69.29 cr program is intended to support land based activities. This would ensure stabilizing agriculture and horticulture activity in tribal areas.

Indira Kranthi Patham (SHG) : There are (69,737) women SHGs organized with an enrolment of (9,06,591) ST women.  Out of them (27,245) SHGs have been provided with Community Investment Fund to take up micro projects for gainful employment, thereby benefiting (3,54,183) ST women.

Special PTG Programs: Special programs are being taken up for development of PTGs from 1998 onwards so far Rs.15.40 crore worth of programs have been taken up for the development of Primitive Tribal Groups in the State.

Insurance Coverage to Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) :

During the year 2005-06 (12,000) Chenchus belong to ITDA areas of Srisailam, have been provided insurance under “Janashree Bhima Yojana” of LIC with a total investment of Rs.60.00 lakhs. The insurance coverage is for a period of (5) years.

During 2006-07 (24,000) PTG families belongs to Savara, Gadaba, Konda reddi, Kolam, Thoti and Chenchu inhabiting in tribal areas of Seethampeta, Parvathipuram, K.R. Puram, Bhadrachalam, Utnoor and Srisailam ITDAs have been covered under insurance “Janashree Bhima Yojana” of LIC  with a total investment of Rs.120.00 lakhs during 2006-07. (22,000) PTG families of ITDA Paderu are also covered in 2006-07. Amount released is Rs.110.00 lakhs.

Land Purchase Scheme: The unit cost of land purchase scheme was increased from Rs.54,000/- to Rs.1,00,000/- for purchasing irrigable lands for the benefit of scheduled tribes.

AP Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme :

AP Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme has been launched on 03-02-06. Under this tribal areas of Vizianagaram, Khammam, Warangal, Adilabad, Mahabubnagar are grounded. The objectives of the scheme were towards capacity building through ITDA.

Primary healthcare in Tribal areas: There were 244 primary health centres, 1012 sub-centres, 27 MM centres, 18 dispensaries, 32 community centres and 8500 community health workers in the tribal areas.

Medical and health institutions in Tribal areas:


Sl. No.

ITDA

Existing Institutions

Requirement

PHCs*

Sub-Centers

MM Units

CHCs

Dispens aries

PHCs

Sub-Centers

MM
Units

CHCs

1.

Seethampeta

28

38

1

1

--

4

6

2

0

2.

Parvathipuram

18

88

4

2

--

1

5

3

1

3.

Paderu

32

164

6

4

--

2

81

6

1

4.

R.C. Varam

17

90

1

3

--

--

--

--

--

5.

K.R. Puram

8

51

3

2

--

3

0

--

1

6.

Bhadrachalam

54

279

6

13

--

4

32

6

4

7.

Eturunagaram

13

115

1

1

--

2

7

3

0

8.

Utnoor

34

150

4

4

--

--

--

--

--

9.

Srisailam

40

37

1

2

--

0

0

2

0

Total

244

1012

27

32

18

16

131

22

7

There were 8456 community health workers in the 11540 tribal habitations and there was a need for another 3084 health and community workers to serve the tribals better:

 Important health initiatives:

    • DM&HO for agency areas: Government sanctioned (4) Addl. DM&HOs and (5) Dy. DM&HOs at ITDAs exclusively to monitor Medical and Health programs in tribal areas.
    • Single Line Administration: Project Officers of ITDAs have been delegated with the powers of District Collector, Joint Collector and District Revenue Officer to the extent of TSP area. The Addl. DM&HOs and Dy. DM&HOs work under the control of Project Officers of ITDAs.
    • Tribal Health Service: Government constituted tribal health service in 1995 envisaging the Medical Officers to work in tribal areas for a period of (5) years and then be mainstreamed into general service.
    • Para-medical posts reserved for local STs: Government have reserved (28) categories of para-medical posts in favour of local ST’s
    • Mobility to PHCs: Government have provided Jeep-cum-Ambulances (77) on hire basis and permanent vehicles (34) to PHCs. Further, (65) Jeep-cum-Ambulances were sanctioned to (9) ITDAs under NSTFDC program for 2006-07 to provide mobility to the (65) out of (81) newly opened / upgraded PHCs in tribal areas.
    • Branch drug stores at ITDA level: Brach Drugs stores opened and functioning in (9) ITDAs (as informed by Health, Medical and Family Welfare Department).
    • Birth Waiting Homes: In order to increase institutional deliveries in tribal areas and to reduce MMR and IMR, Government have sanctioned (38) Birth Waiting Homes in tribal areas of (11) districts in the State under National Rural Health Mission (RCH-II Project). An amount of Rs.4.05 cr. @ Rs.10.40 lakhs for each Birth Waiting Home is sanctioned.

    Health related interventions in Tribal areas :

    1. Grain Banks: To provide food security to all PTG families, AAY cards, social security pensions provided. Civil Supplies Department sanctioned (4,121) grain banks in tribal areas. 905 village grain banks have been operating to provide food security in vulnerable tribal areas during lien season. (894) Grain Banks sanctioned by Civil Supplies Department during 2005-06 in tribal areas.
    2. Safe Drinking Water supply: Safe drinking water has been provided to (10,839) habitations as against (11,540) habitations in tribal areas. An amount of Rs.17.88 crore was sanctioned by NABARD under RIDF-X to provide PWS in (306) ST habitations.
    3. Permanent Housing: Housing Department sanctioned (10,000) SPR houses and (14,500) RIAD houses to be constructed in ITDAs.

    Special program for PTGs

    1. Special program for PTGs: The most vulnerable group among STs are PTGs. In order to provide additional support to these groups, special development programs have been taken with Government of India’s assistance.
    2. Janashree Bhima Yojana: (58,000) Chenchu families have been covered under Janashree Bhima Yojana. so far (9910) PTG families are also covered during 2007-08. Major features of the program are as follows:
      1. Persons of the age of (18) to (60) are eligible.
      2. The coverage is for (5) years. A premium of Rs.200/- per person is shared on 50:50 basis by Government of India and Social Security Fund.
      3. ITDA concerned is declared as nodal agency for submitting proposals and also for referring claims.
      4. Benefits include payment of Rs.20,000/- in case of death and Rs.50,000/- in case of death/permanent total disability due to accident.
      5. An amount of Rs.300/- per quarter per child (2 students of family) (studying IX to XII) for four years payable as scholarship.
    1. DR Depots: There are (839) DR Depots in the tribal areas functioning under the control of GCC. The number of DR depots to be increased to ensure that tribals have access to a PDS outlet within a maximum distance of (5) km from their habitations.

    Girijan Utsav
    For the first time in Andhra Pradesh ‘Girijan Utsav’ was organized at Shilparamam, Hyderabad from 9th to 15th January, 2007. It is proposed to organize similar Girijan Utsav at Shilparamam during January, 2008 depicting culture and heritage of tribals, Arts and crafts, traditional herbal medicines, traditional food items, developmental activities being implemented for the Welfare of tribals and tourism opportunities in the tribal areas of A.P. Tribal folk dances will be on added attraction in the Girijan Utsav. 

    Base Line Survey on PTGs : As desired by Government of India, base line survey on primitive Tribal Groups of A.P. was conducted and report was submitted to Govt.

    Conservation cum Development Plan : As desired by Government of India Conservation-cum-Development Plan for the Primitive Tribal groups of A.P. for the XIth five year plan with a total costs of Rs.11,597.82 lakhs was prepared and submitted to Government .

    Implementation of Land Transfer Regulation (LTR) (1/70)
    (As on 31-12-06)

    Sl. No

    Item

    2006-07

    2007-08 (9/2007)

    From inception

    No.

    Extent in acres

    No.

    Extent in acres

    No.

    Extent in acres

    1.

    Total cases booked.

    2678

    10508

    3325

    12393

    75371

    334211

    2.

    Total disposed

    1037

    3998

    930

    2650

    72976

    324468

    3.

    Cases decided in favour of STs

    750

    2635

    696

    1513

    35536

    143033

    4.

    Land Physically restored to tribals

    4

    7

    112

    467

    30416

    120384

    Tribal Power Company (TRIPCO)

    1. Government of AP promoted Tribal Power Company to establish, generate and operate Mini–Hydel power projects and other non-conventional power projects like Solar, Bio-mass etc., in tribal areas.
    2. Projects will be owned and managed by local tribals constituted into a project committee.
    3. Fudging pattern: Capital subsidy from MNES, Govt. of India, New Delhi     (Rs.30,000 / KW upto 1.00 MW and Rs.1.50 Cr./MW thereafter limited to maximum of Rs.7.5 Crore Per project) and loans from NABARD/ IOB/Commercial Banks.
    4. Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) for 13 projects with an estimated capacity of 17.01 MW at a project cost of Rs.88.32 crores submitted to Ministry of Non Conventional Energy Sources (MNES), Government of India.
    5. (4) projects with a capacity of 6.6 MW @ cost of Rs.31.72 crores sanctioned and (1.2 MW each) namely Pinajrikonda, Vetamamidi and Mitlapalem MHPPs grounded and expected to be completed by June 2008.
    6. The 4th Mini Hydel Power Project (3 MW) at 5.5 kmd/s LSHESL, LI bid was cancelled due to revision of cost estimates and is likely to revived soon.

     

    Three more projects namely Cheedipalem, Devaramadugula and Valasampeta with total capacity of 1.85 MW were notified and bids will be finalised in November, 2007.  These projects are expected to be grounded in Dec, 2007. Established under Companies Act 1956 during the year 2001 as Joint Venture Company (JVC) of AP TRICOR (74%) and APMDC (26%). The objective is to facilitate mining operations in tribal areas for the benefit of tribals by framing Tribal Mining Cooperative Societies, and providing safe and scientific mining methods to the tribals.

    TRIMCO: The Tribal Mining Corporation of Andhra Pradesh has a vast operation in semi precious stones, minerals like iron ore, bauxite and   volcanic ash, granite quarries.

    I. SEMI PRECIOUS STONES

    1. Mining leases executed in respect of (7) SPS Prospects in Paderu, ITDA area. (3) Viable locations (Turaiguda, Littiguda and Kusumagaruvu) have been selected for mining.
    2. (2) Tribal Mining Cooperative Societies (TMCS) have been formed at Turaiguda and Littiguda prospects and got registered under Cooperative Societies Act.
    3. Filled 3 ML applications for Semi Precious Stones in Karaka RF of Narsipatnam Division, Visakhapatnam districts, one ML application for Garnet (SPS) in Gudur Village, Chintoor mandal of Khammam district and ML application for SPS prospects Nimmalapalem, Addateegala mandal filed with Director of Mines & Geology.  Joint Survey has also been completed.
    4. Action initiated to procure the list of 83 SPS prospects identified by GSI in tribal areas of Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and East Godavari Districts and to apply mining leases in prospective areas for mining SPS through TMCs.
    5. Training provided to tribal youth in Gem cutting and polishing. Gem cutting & polishing unit established at Bhadrachalam, and another Gem Cutting & Polishing unit is being set up in Araku to provide training to ST youth in the art of Gem cutting and polishing.

     
    II. IRON ORE

    Two huge deposits of float Iron ores identified at Bayyaram and Ootlamatwada villages near Mahaboobabad.  Chemical examination of the Ootlamatwada ore revealed the presence of 67% (High grade) of iron content.  Since APMDC had already applied QL for Bayyaram quarry. TRIMCO is taking steps to file QL for Ootlamatwada ore.

    III. VOLCANIC ASH:

    1. Lenticular deposits of Volcanic Ash found on both sides of river Pathalaganga and Araku valley.  This material can be blended with a fronting agent and an aromatic substance to produce a commercially viable dish washing powder.
    2. Short term training to 20 ST women of Araku/Paderu area at Khadi Gramodyog Mahavidyalaya, Rajendranagam, Hyderabad in the manufacture of Dish washing powder using volcanic ash is proposed
    3. After successful completion of the training, it is proposed to set up a Dish Washing Powder manufacturing unit at Araku by forming TMCS consisting of local tribal women by providing infrastructure facilities like, building, mixing machine, packaging machine etc., under the Self Employment Schemes of ITDA, Paderu
    4. Dish washing powder so manufactured at this unit will be tied up to GCC for supply of Tribal Welfare Educational Institutions.

    IV. GRANITE QUARRY

    1. Tiger Green and Dark Tan Granite varieties have been identified in Mahbubabad area and Pink variety in R.C.Varam Mandal.  Efforts are on to take up mining through Tribal Co-operative Societies.
    2. Filed QL application for mining Granite in Jagarampally Village of R.C. Varam Mandal.  Joint Inspection has also been completed. 3 Granite units at R.C. Varam, Mahaboobbad and Ananthapur are proposed to be set up on experimental basis.  Proposals submitted to Government seeking financial assistance.

    V. GEOLOGISTS:

    1. Proposals submitted to Director, Mines & Geology department to post 4 Geologists one each in major ITDAs of Paderu, RC Varam, Bhadrachalam and Eturunagaram to work under the administrative control of respective Project Officers exclusively to plan and suggest measures for taking up mining activities by forming Tribal Mining Cooperative Societies (TMCSs).
    2. It is also proposed to appoint 2 retired Geologists of GSI on contract basis in TRIMCO head office to identify new viable and remuneration mineral resources, prepare action plans for mining through TMCSs, liaison with POs of ITDAs, Director, M & G Department, APMDC, GSI etc, for expanding the developmental activities of TRIMCO for the welfare of tribals.

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